I R R I T A T I O N Excessive smoking can irritate the vocal folds and dry the vocal cord mucosa. It can cause excessive sputum and a vocal cord sense of irritation . C H R O N I C C O U G H…

Hoarseness refers to a change in voice quality. It could either be low pitch, weak, fatigued, raspy or inconsistent, making it difficult to speak and at times breath. Causes of hoarseness include an acute throat or upper respiratory infection, commonly viral; acute voice abuse especially in people who…

Halitosis, “bad breath” is a detectable foul smell, commonly identified by others,especially close relatives. Many sufferers don’t realise they have foul breath. Causes include; poor dental hygiene.4 out of 5 patients suffer halitosis which originates in the mouth. Commonly, bacteria break down various products in food and saliva…

Grommet After grommet insertion, most patients will not experience pain. Mild irritations may be controlled with simple pain medications. Antibiotics are not routinely prescribed unless the doctor deems it necessary and this is usually in the form of ear drops. Children may need to stay out of school…

The ear is made up of the external, middle and inner ear. Otitis media is an infection of the middle ear that is usually preceded by upper respiratory tract infection. The infection can be of viral or bacterial origin. Acute otitis media (AOM) commonly affects children less than…

Rhinosinusitis is a condition that is due to inflammation of your nasal passages and sinus cavities. Sinuses are spaces within the bones of the face and these spaces are in direct contact with the nose. The inflammation causes swelling and blockage of the openings into the nose and…